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FOOD AND GLUTEN

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This table, taken from website www.celiachia.it, for patients suffering from celiac disease, divides food into:

  1. Safe Gluten-Free Foods - which could be freely eaten;
  2. At Risk -  partly permitted, could contain more than 20 ppm gluten or be contaminated; ingredients and food processing methods have to be checked before eating
  3. Unsafe foods - forbidden because gluten-containing
Food group Foods
Safe
At Risk
Unsafe

Cereals, Flours and derivatives
  • Rice grains
  • Corn grains
  • Buckwheat grains
  • Amaranth grains
  • Manioc
  • Millet seeds
  • Quinoa seeds
  • Sorghum grains
  • Teff grains
  • Gluten-free dietetic products (i.e. mixed flour, bread and bread replacement products, pasta)
  • Flours, starches, semolina, cream and flakes of allowed cereals
  • Ready-cooked cornmeal mush
  • Malt, malt extract from allowed cereals
  • Malt extract from forbidden cereals
  • Tapioca
  • Deglutinated wheat starch
  • Allowed cereals-based breakfast products (blown, flakes, muesli)
  • Allowed cereals-based wafers and water biscuits
  • Allowed cereals bran
  • Vegetable and dietary fibers
  • Pre-packaged pop-corn
  • Ready made risotto (rice-based Italian dish) (seasoned, frozen, pre-packaged boxes)
  • Couscous, tacos, tortillas made of allowed cereals
  • Wheat
  • Hullet wheat
  • Barley
  • Oat
  • Rye
  • Monococcus
  • Kamut
  • Spelt
  • Triticale
  • Flours, starches, semolina, cream and flakes of forbidden cereals
  • Main courses prepared with forbidden cereals (paste, filled paste, potato dumpling, Roman-style gnocchi (Italian baked semolina dumpligs), pizzoccheri (buckwheat tagliatelle), crepes)
  • Bread and other baked replacement products, sweet or salted, prepared with forbidden cereals (toast bread, breadcrumbs, thin Italian flatbread (piadina), pizza, bannock, deep-fried pizza roll (panzerotto), breadstick, crackers, rusk, croutons, taralli (kind of bagel from Southern Italy), crackers, cracottes, biscuits, snack cakes, pastries, tarts, pies)
  • Wheat germ
  • Ethnic flours and derivatives: bulgur (or boulgour or burghul), couscous (made of forbidden cereals), cracked wheat, frik, greis, greunkern, seitan, tabulè
  • Bran of forbidden cereals
  • Malt of forbidden cereals
  • Forbidden cereals-based breakfast products (blown, flakes, muesli, porridge)
  • Polenta taragna (Lombard dish- if buckwheat flour is blended with wheat flour)

Meat, Fish and Eggs
  • All kinds of pure meat, fish, shellfish and crustacean (fresh or frozen) not mixed with other ingredients
  • Preserved fish: natural, in oil tinned fish, smoked, additive free, fragrance and other substances (excluding sulphites)
  • Eggs
  • Liquid pasteurized eggs (whole, yolk or albumen), free from fragrances, additives and other substances (not seasoned)
  • Gammon
  • Bacon fat (e.g. "Lardo di Colonnata IGP" and "Lardo d'Arnad DOP"
  • Sausage, processed pork meat, beef or poultry meat: bresaola (kind of dried salted beef), coppa (cured neck of pork), cotechino (kind of large spiced pork sausage for boiling), bacon fat, bologna sausage, pork underbelly, ham, salami,speck, frankfurter, stuffed pig's trotter, cold cuts, sliced turkey or chicken and so forth.
  • Canned meat (e.g. meat jelly)
  • Hamburger
  • Preserved fish: natural, in oil, smoked, with addition of other substances (excluding sulphites)
  • Homogenized meat, fish, ham
  • Ready made or pre cooked meat or fish dishes
  • Liquid pasteurized seasoned eggs (whole, yolk or albumen)
  • Powder eggs (whole, yolk or albumen)
  • Surimi (crab)
  • bread-crumbed meat or fish (cutlet, sticks, fish fry etc.), covered in flour, mixed with bread crumbs (hamburger, meat balls, etc) or sauce dressing which has been thickened with forbidden flours

Milk and Dairy products
  • Fresh milk (pasteurized), long-life milk (UHT, sterilized milk), high digestibility and lactose-free milk, without addition of flavours or other substances (excluding vitamins or minerals)
  • First childhood milk (0-12 months)
  • Fermented milk, probiotics (containing only milk/yoghurt, sugar and lactic ferments)
  • Fresh or ripe cheese
  • Natural yoghurt (low-fat or whole)
  • Creamy white yoghurt without thickening products added, flavours or other substances (containing yoghurt, sugar and lactic ferments only)
  • Greek yoghurt (containing milk, milk cream and lactic ferments only) without flavours or other substances
  • Cream: fresh (pasteurized) and long-life(UHT) cream not blended with other ingredients, excluding carragenine (E 407)
  • Cream: long-life (UHT) cream (with mushrooms, salmon, etc.), whipped, spray, vegetable
  • Fruit yoghurt, other tastes creamy yoghurt
  • Creamy white yoghurt with thickening products, flavours or other substances
  • Greek yoghurt with thickening products, flavours or other substances
  • Soy, rice yoghurt
  • Sliced, melted, light, spread cheese, vegetable cheese (e.g. tofu)
  • Custard, pudding, milk-based dessert (or soy, rice)
  • Powder milk
  • Condensed milk
  • Milk enriched with fibres, cacao, flavours or other substances (excluding vitamins and minerals)
  • Growth milk (1-3 years)
  • Milk, soy, rice, almond based beverages
  • Homogenized cheese
  • Ready made cheese-based dishes, bread-crumbed with forbidden flours
  • Malt, cereal, biscuit yoghurt
  • Cereal, biscuit milk
  • Oat-based beverages

Vegetables e Legumes
  • All kinds of pure vegetables (fresh, dried, frozen, lyophilized)
  • Vegetables, preserved mushrooms (brined, pickled, in oil, in salt) if constituted only by: vegetables and/or mushrooms, water, salt, oil, vinegar, sugar, carbonic anhydride, ascorbic acid, citric acid
  • Fresh, dried, frozen pure mushrooms
  • All pure legumes (fresh, dried, canned): carob beans, chick peas, chickilng peas, beans, broad beans, lentils, lupines, peas, soy
  • Prepared soup (frozen, fresh or dried), containing only vegetables
  • Prepared soup containing both vegetables and other ingredients
  • Vegetable purée
  • Soups containing allowed cereals
  • Ready-made pre-cooked frozen vegetable-based dishes (e.g. vegetables and cheese)
  • Pre-fried, pre-cooked frozen potatoes
  • Potato chips bags (pre-packaged snack)
  • Frozen purée (or powder)
  • Preserved vegetables together with other ingredients
  • Homogenized vegetables
  • Vegetable soup containing forbidden cereals
  • Bread-crumbed vegetables, floured or batter containing forbidden ingredients

Fruit
  • All kinds of pure fruit (fresh and deep-frozen)
  • All kinds of dry fruit with or without shell (pure, toasted, salted)
  • Dehydrated or dried fruit, not floured (dates, figs, prunes, sultana, etcetera)
  • Syrup fruit< /li>
  • Frappé, mousse and fruit shake containing only fruit, sugar, ascorbic acid (E300 or vitamin C) and citric acid (E330)
  • Candy, glacé, caramelized fruit
  • Frappé, mousse and fruit shake mixed with other ingredients
  • Homogenized fruit
  • Dehydrated floured fruit (dried figs and so on)

Beverages and preparations
  • Nectar and fruit juices without added vitamins or other substances (preservatives, additives, flavours, colourants, etcetera), excluding: ascorbic acid (E300 or vitamin C), citric acid (E330) and glucose or fructose syrup
  • Sparkling, gassy beverages (orangeade, cola, etc.)
  • Light beverages
  • Fruit-based beverages
  • Milk, soy, rice, almonds-based beverages
  • Coffee and ginseng drinks
  • Frappè (ready-made powder mixtures)
  • Saline integrators (liquid, in powder)
  • Nectar and fruit juices with vitamins or other substances added
  • Ready-made preparation for chocolate beverage or cappuccino
  • Syrup for drinks or granite (i.e. crushed-ice drinks)
  • Effervescent for beverages
  • Oat beverages

Coffee, tea, herbal teas
  • Coffee, caffeine-free coffee, capsules for coffee machine
  • Little envelops of: coffee, caffeine-free coffee, camomile
  • Little envelops (also spiced) of: tea, theine-free tea, herb-tea
  • Ginseng coffee, Ginseng coffee flavoured drinks
  • Instant coffee
  • Capsules for hot drinks
  • The, camomile, herb-tea (liquid or ready-made powder)
  • Instant coffee or substitutes containing forbidden cereals (i.e. barley or malt)
  • Drinks and ready-made preparations containing forbidden cereals (e.g. malt, barley, rye); instant barley or similar products

Alcoholic beverages
  • Wine, champagne
  • Distilled beverages (cognac, gin, schnapps, rum, tequila, whisky, vodka) without flavours or other substances added
  • Alcoholic beverages containing flavours or other substances (e.g. spirits, distilled beverages with addition of other substances)
  • Beers derived from allowed cereals and some kinds of barley or wheat malt beer
  • Barley and/or wheat malt beer

Sweets
  • Honey, sugar (white or brown)
  • Raw liquorice root
  • Maltodextrins and glucose syrup, including dextrose also derived from forbidden cereals
  • Pure fructose
  • Cocoa powder
  • Candies, bonbons, fruit jelly, chewing-gum
  • Chocolate (with or without filling), chocolate or nut cream spread
  • Cake sugar decorations
  • Sweeteners
  • Home-made or industrial ice cream, semi-manufactured products for home-made ice cream/milk bars
  • Jam, marmalade
  • Marrons Glacées
  • Nougat, marzipan
  • Powdered, flavoured sugar
  • Chocolate with cereals
  • Cakes, biscuits prepared with forbidden flours and/or not allowed ingredients

Fats, spices and dressings in general
  • Butter, lard, cocoa butter
  • Vegetable oils
  • Wine vinegar (not flavoured)
  • Traditional Balsamic Vinegar DOP or IGP: from Modena or Reggio Emilia
  • Apple cider vinegar
  • Fresh, lyophilized, dry yeast
  • Yeast extract
  • Agar Agar (leaves)
  • Royal jelly, pollen
  • Tomato sauce, peeled tomatoes, tomato extract or paste without other ingredients added (excluding ascorbic acid (E300 or vitamin C) and citric acid (E330)
  • Pepper, salt, saffron, spices and pure aromatic herbs
  • Seasoned vinegar, balsamic dressing (balsamic vinegar neither DOP, nor IGP)
  • Béchamel (white sauce)
  • Light butter, margarine and light margarine
  • Dressing containing undefined ingredients
  • Ready-made sauce(ragout, pesto, etcetera)
  • Mayonnaise, mustard, ketchup, etcetera.), anchovy paste
  • Mostarda (i.e. candied fruit in mustard-flavoured syrup
  • Stock cubes, preparations for broth, vegetable and meat extracts
  • Flavouring products
  • Agar-Agar powder, sticks
  • Fish glue
  • Food jelly
  • Chemical yeast (raising agents)
  • Fresh liquid barm
  • Soy lecithin
  • Miso, tamari, soy sauce
  • Curry
  • Tofu
  • Vanillin
  • Natural leaven or mother leaven or acid leaven
  • Seitan

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Pagina aggiornata il: 28/11/2012